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Along the way we found a Y-DNA relationship with the Johnston family represented as the "White Mulberry" group on the Johnson DNA Project. There is a positive Y-DNA relationship with this group of Johnstons. But are they from the same family and how far back.
For this we have to go to another form of DNA genealogy. This is the SNP test.
SNP's (snips) are the most refined DNA test for relationship you can get.
The Johnston's and Fanchers share the lowest level SNP which is the R-L21. If you look at the L21 population map below, it's easy to see where this family comes from. We're talking Scotland, Ireland and NW England. The Johnston pedigrees mostly originate from Northern Ireland and Scotland. It appears they were "Border Rievers".
However, a new series of test have become available that allow us to drill down further. The discovery of the SNP DF13 has split L21 into a very large DF13+ group and a thus far much smaller DF13- group. All of the known L21 subclades except DF63 are DF13+, meaning they are downstream of DF13, as well as L21.
Positive test in RED
So what we see is that Johnston and Fancher test positive down to L21+.
Here is the Haplotree below L21
William Fancy was an early settler in the New Haven Colony. Originally called Quinnipiac, the settlement was founded by a company of five hundred English Puritans in 1638 that hoped to create a Christian utopia; and with its large harbor, establish a commercial empire to control Long Island Sound. It was the first planned community in North America, based on a grid of nine square miles. Conforming to the old English custom, a central square, or Green, was laid out as a public common. By 1641, a complete government had been established and the settlement, renamed New Haven, had grown into a community of eight hundred.
The first records for William and Goodwife Fancy appear in the New Haven Colony in 1643. On May 5, 1643 the New Haven records indicate that "Will Fancie his wife" was charged with stealing various things. Goodwife Fancy confessed that she had taken about 5,000 pins, diverse parcels of linens, and a jug valued at 17 shillings from Mrs. Lamberton. From Mrs. Gilbert, she had taken two pillow bears and a shift when the family was at prayer. It was ordered that she be severely whipped and make restitution to the people involved.
This same New Haven record also mentions that she had been previously whipped twice at "Conectecutt", which would appear to indicate that William and/or his wife had been in the Connecticut Colony prior to the New Haven Colony. The given name and maiden name of Goodwife Fancy is not known, but the extant Connecticut Colony records do not include any references to Fancy. It is possible that Goodwife Fancy was in Connecticut Colony prior to her marriage.William Fancy took the Oath of Fidelity to New Haven on July 1, 1644. There is evidence that William Fancy and his wife had been living with Lt. Robert Seeley, probably around 1644. Later, they were living with Thomas Clark, and may also have been living with, and/or working for, Thomas Robinson and Stephen Metcalfe.
In December 1645, Goodwife Fancy testified in a hearing involving Stephen Metcalfe, relating to the loss of an eye Metcalfe sustained from an accident with a gun. It would appear Goodwife Fancy was nursing Metcalfe at the time. Later, on March 2, 1646, William Fancy testified regarding a debt due to John Sackett from Metcalfe.
On April 7, 1646, there was a complaint against William Fancy and four other men for the disorderly drinking of strong liquor. William Fancy "owned it as his sin his oft drinking, being that at the first he felt it hott in his throate, but he was not distempred, howevr submits to ye court."
In April 1646, the Governor being informed of several lewd passages, ordered William Fancy and his wife to appear at court to answer for them. In the testimony, Goodwife Fancy related several incidents when townsmen accosted her and attempted to commit adultery with her. William Fancy said he was aware of the matter, but advised his wife to keep silent because he thought no one would believe her. One of the accused, Thomas Robinson, had offered the Fancys a bribe to keep quiet, and then ran away from New Haven before the hearing. Another of the men Goodwife Fancy accused, Mark Meggs, was sentenced to be whipped. The Court sentenced "Goodie" Fancy to be severely whipped for concealing the "lustfull attempts" and William Fancy to also be severely whipped for neglecting to reveal the attempts in a timely manner, or allowing his wife to do so.
William Fancy left New Haven after 1646 and by 1652 had purchased a house and 2-1/2 acre lot in Southold, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York. Robert Smith originally owned the house, and then sold the house to John Budd, who in turn sold it to William Fancy.
Whitaker’s Southold includes William Fancy in the list of Southold’s early settlers. Southold also makes reference to William Fancy leaving Southold for Brookhaven – "Of the full-grown men who lived here and left their record in the annals of this Town… not a few removed to other places and became important factors and elements in the settlement and life of other towns. John Tucker... became one of the early settlers of the Town of Brookhaven, Long Island, and so did William Fansey, John Budd, Arthur Smyth, Robert Akerly and John Frost."
In December 1657 William Fancy witnessed a deed for William Salmon, which was recorded in Southold. William Fancy does not appear on the Southold List of Inhabitants in 1658, so it is probable that he left Southold by that time.
In 1661, William Fancy appears on the list of land proprietors in Setauket and is credited with being one of the first settlers of that place.
Setauket began as an English Puritan colony called Ashford, with the 1655 purchase of land from the Seatalcott Indians by six men acting as agents for the others. Fifty-five men, including William Fancy, then began the settlement of "the old town" which became Setauket. These families were all "strongly imbued with Puritan doctrines and zealously devoted to a strict observance of its tenants", and were English immigrants who came primarily from the vicinity of Boston, Southold, and Southampton.
Lots were laid out for each family around the Meeting House green. Each man paid for a home lot, called an "accommodation" and a right of commonage. Town meetings were the only method of government. No one was permitted to sell his land to a stranger, and outsiders could not become residents unless they were admitted by popular vote. Seating in the Meeting House was dictated by law. In Setauket’s New England type of government, church and state were very firmly united.
Today, the unincorporated village of Setauket is located in the "Three Village" area in the northwest portion of Brookhaven Town. Brookhaven is the largest "town" on Long Island today. It occupies the entire width of central Long Island from the Long Island Sound to the Atlantic Ocean
Every acre of land in New York is located in one of the state’s 60+ counties. Every county is subdivided into towns, which include every bit of land in the county. Within a town, there are cities, villages, and communities called towns that contain only a portion of the county/town in their area. There is much land outside these communities, called rural land or farmland that is not included in any political subdivision. Setauket is a small village that was the original community in Brookhaven Town in Suffolk County. The earliest records of Brookhaven are the records of "Old Town" or Setauket as it is known today.
Records of William Fancy at Setauket begin in 1661 when he drew lot 13, a 6-acre lot in the "Old Field", in the first land draw at Setauket. The settlers had banded together and pooled their money to buy a large tract of land from the Indians. A selected piece of this land was surveyed and laid out in lots. The number of lots created was equal to the number of the town’s proprietors. In the later draws, there were 55 lots laid out, which were numbered from 1 to 55. William Fancy is recorded as being entitled to one share. The lottery was to determine which lot a proprietor received, not whether he received a lot. Included in the lottery were those who had provided money in the first land draw in 1661.
William Fancy’s land draws:
In addition to his original Home Lot within the settlement, and the 1661 land in the Old Field, by 1675 there were five additional land draws from the original purchase in which William Fancy received a share. As the settlement grew, additional land purchases with names like Ould Mans and Fireplace, were made.
Fearing attacks from Indians crossing the Sound, the early Setauket settlers built their houses on their "Home Lots" further inland, and left their animals to graze on the common pastureland called "Old Field". The name "Fireplace" came from the fires lit along the western edge of Carmans River to guide whaling ships safely to shore. Today Mt. Sinai occupies the place that was once called "Ould Mans", or Old Mans. And in Brookhaven, in 1747, there is a reference to "water at ye place called Fancie’s Hole".
In addition to the lands he received in the drawings, in 1669 the Town voted to give William Fancy ten acres next to Robert Smith.
William Fancy’s name also appears on the following land lot drawings, although, with the exception of the Meadows at ye Olde Mans Beach by William Fancy’s widow, in each case the name of the person who was actually exercising William Fancy’s Proprietor’s Rights is not recorded.
William Fancy signed papers with a Z mark, or with a ^ mark. From his arrival in Setauket until his death there about 1678 when his Will was proved, William Fancy’s name appears in the town records participating in many routine activities, such as agreeing to a Town Arbitration Board to settle land disputes, signing a petition for a corn-grinding mill in 1664, and pledging 7 shillings to encourage a blacksmith to settle there in 1667.
It is estimated that William Fancy’s marriage to his second wife Katherine probably took place between 1652 and 1658. Town records relating to William Fancy’s son Samuel Fanshaw/Fancy, call Samuel Katherine’s son-in-law (meant as step-son). Katherine’s maiden name is unknown. Because of the interaction between the families, there is speculation that she may have been a Smith, sister to Arthur Smith "The Quaker" and Robert Smith. If that was the case, it seems likely that Katherine met and married William Fancy in Southold. (In 1659 Arthur Smith sold his house in Southold and was admitted as a townsman of Setauket in December 1659. In 1661 Arthur Smith and William Fancy were on the list of 22 men who received 6 acre lots at Old Field.) In 1674 Katherine Fancy made a deposition that said she was "aged about 48", which places her birth sometime around 1626.
In August 1661, Katherine Fancy had an action of slander entered against her. George Woods, Jr. asked for 30 pounds damages. This is the first instance where William’s second wife’s given name is used.
William Fancy was fined 10 shillings for lying to the country in December of 1663, the following year ten acres were given to William Fancy by the town. About 1665, William appeared on a tax list. On July 14, 1669 it was recorded that William Fancy’s "eare mark is a swallows taiele".
William Fancy’s children are recorded in his June 17, 1675 Will as Samuel, Joseph, Hannah, Rachel, and William, Jr. Based on the evidence in Brookhaven Town records, Samuel and Joseph are believed to be William Fancy’s sons by his first (unknown) wife. Samuel Fanshaw/Fancy died unmarried and childless in 1685. Other than the 20 shillings William Fancy bequeathed to his son in 1675, there is no other record of Joseph Fancy in Brookhaven Town records.
Hannah, Rachel and William, Jr. are named by William Fancy’s second wife Katherine, in her October 17, 1684 Will. Hannah Fancy married (1) Robert Goulsbury, who died 1683, and (2) David Jennings/Jenners about 1684. Rachel married Peter Whiteheare (Whitaker/Wittier) before October 25, 1684.
June 17, 1675, Will of William Fancy (Attachment B) – "Very aged and a cripple". Body to be buried in Brookhaven. "Sonne Samuel ffancy" to have half of "my accommodation. That is one halfe of my home lott and Seaven ackers in the ould feild, and one halfe of all the ouot land Devided and undevided, and one half of all my meadow at the ould mans, and all my pt of medow and upland in ye ould purchase at the south". Samuel is not to sell any of it, it is for his heirs forever. "Beloved wife Katherine ffancy" is to have the other half of the accommodation and the whole meadow at Conscience except 20 shillings, to my "sonne Joseph ffancy". "My sonne William "ffancy" is to receive his portion after the death of wife Katherine. "Daughter "Hanah ffancy" is to receive two cows, or ten pounds, to be paid when she comes of age or marries. "Daughter Rechell" has already received her portion. William Fancy instructs that his Will be kept by neighbor widow Martha Smith (wife of Arthur Smith) as long as he lives. The Will was witnessed by John Thomas and Martha Smith, widow.
William Fancy probably died in early 1677, as his Will was proved in the Court of Sessions in Suffolk County on March 8, 1677. His name continues in Brookhaven records up to the last land draw in 1774 as his right is exercised by whomever it was transferred to by himself or his widow. Otherwise, 1677 is the last entry date for William Fancy in the Brookhaven Town records.
Katherine (also spelled Catherine and Katteren in the records) Fancy’s name continues until 1684 when she executes her last land transfer and makes her Will. She is quite active in seeing that her step-son Samuel Fanshaw/Fancy receives care. Also, she transfers and receives land from Robert Goulsbury and wife Hannah, her daughter. She received a bounty for killing of a wolf that was probably killed by her son or son-in-law.
Katherine Fancy’s Will, dated October 7, 1684, witnessed by Richard Smith and Richard Woodhull, was proved in the Court of Sessions March 22, 1687/8. Katherine Fancy left the meadow at Conscience she inherited from her husband to "daughter Rachells" youngest son "whom she hath or Shall have by Peter Whiteheare of Brookhaven". The meadow is left to Whiteheare’s son on the condition that Whiteheare pay 5 pounds in cattle to William Fancy (Jr.) and 5 pounds to Hannah (Fancy) Jenners within one year after her death. Robert Goulsbury, the son of Hannah (Fancy) Goulsbury Jenners, is to receive a three year old heifer and calf by her side when he reaches 16 years of age from Peter Whiteheare. Hannah Jenners is to receive one cow, and Peter Whiteheare’s youngest children are to receive the rest of any remaining cattle. The land that was given to Katherine by the town is given to Peter Whiteheare.
William Fancy was married twice. The name of his first wife is unknown, being referred to only as Goodwife, or Goodie, in the New Haven Colony records. She probably died after the April 14, 1646 punishment received at the hands of the New Haven authorities and before William Fancy purchased the house in Southold in 1652. Goodwife had at least one son, Samuel. William must have married his second wife Katherine shortly after the death of his first wife. The British occupation of Long Island during the Revolutionary War destroyed any early church records in this area that might have contained births and marriages for this family. The birth mothers of William’s other children are unknown, but it is presumed that Hannah, William, Jr., and Rachel are the children by second wife Katherine, because they are named in her Will.
Children of William Fancy: